Healthy High Protein Foods defined as the polymers of amino acids, where specific amino acids link together in a definite manner to perform a particular function. Proteins are the most important organic compounds of the cell which carry out virtually all of the cell’s activities. They constitute more than 50% of dry weight of a cell. The name protein was suggested by Berzelius in 1838 and a Dutch Chemist G.J Mulder in 1838 recognized the importance of protein as a vital compound.
Healthy High Protein Foods:
Healthy High Protein Foods are the complex organic compounds having carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen as elements but sometimes they contain P and S also. Due to the presence of N they are called nitrogenous compounds. Proteins are the building blocks of tissues. Many common parts of the living body such as hair, nails, skin, and feathers are also made up of protein. Next to water protein is the most plentiful substance in your body. Whereas eggs, meat, fish, milk and pulses are the major sources of protein. The proteins of cereals, most beans, and vegetables may contain all essential amino acids, but the amount in these plant foods is less than ideal.
Amino acid as a building block of protein:
Proteins are macro molecules or polymers of amino acid monomers. These amino acids are linked together by specialized bond or linkage called peptide linkage. Each protein has unique sequence of amino acids that gives the unique properties to molecules. There are twenty basic amino acids, which are commonly found in proteins of the living organisms ranging from virus to human being.
Functions of Protein:
Protein have a wide variety of structures, therefore, they perform variable functions. They are the most essential part of the diet. They help the growth of body. Healthy High Protein Foods helps in nervous defense, metabolic regulation, biochemical catalyst and oxygen support. They help the body to build new tissues and maintain already present tissues. Proteins are the molecules which carry out the cell-activities and form the main structure of cell. It is estimated that the typical mammalian cell may have as many as, 10,000 different proteins having a diverse array of function.
As structural cables, proteins provide mechanical support both within the cell and outside their perimeter. As enzymes, protein vastly accelerate the rate of metabolic reactions, As hormones, growth factors and gene activators, proteins perform a wide variety of regulatory functions. As membrane receptors and transporters, proteins determine what type of substances should enter or leave the cells. Protein acts as antibodies, antigens, fibrine etc.
Healthy High Protein Foods Deficiency:
- Muscle Weakness: Protein is a building block of muscles. Deficiency of protein may cause muscle cramps and weakness.
- Skin Rash: Your skin also needs protein. If you are not eating enough protein, you could develop a skin rash.
- Hair Loss: Your hair is made up of keratin, a type of protein. Deficiency of protein may cause loss of hair.
- Lower Immunity: Proteins make the antibodies of your body. Deficiency of protein can make you more prone to infections.
- Protein Efficiency: Excess of protein may lead you to serious health issues.
- Weight Gain: If your diet contains excess of protein, the body converts it into energy and excess amount gets stored as fat.
- Calcium Loss: Calcium of body is released in urine when there is excess of protein in body which may cause weak bones.
- Kidney Issues: Kidney is damaged due to excess protein. Excess protein sends your body into an overdrive mood to get rid of extra nitrogen releases from protein metabolism.